Hilliard is governed by its city charter, which lays out guidelines for city officials, businesses and residents. The city charter is revisited every 10 years by a review commission that evaluates the charter relative to current events and recommends any potential revisions. This approach ensures a balance between stability and flexibility.

Much like state and federal levels, the City of Hilliard is governed by a mayor representing the executive branch and a city council representing the legislative branch.

City council is composed of seven council members, each elected to a four-year term. Also elected to a four-year term, the mayor oversees the city administration including various departments and support functions.

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